Inevitable: any complex system has loopholes and loopholes can (and will) be exploited, e.g. Tax code, Software, Frequent flier programs, Health care, Medicare, 1996 Telecommunications act, NBA rules, Elections, Power grid, Water distribution
Evolutionary Computation: Individuals are represented by genetic string
- Identify failure modes in complex systems
- Engineers can only test a small fraction of all possible configurations and damage scenarios
- Possible to find small investments that will dramatically improve robustness?